20 new plays: ‘Pay Day’, 1960

21st December 2020

John Wyver writes the fifth of a series of posts about BBC Television’s 1960-61 strand of original dramas – his introduction is here.

Like the second of the BBC’s series of 20 new plays, Leopold Louth’s The Unplayed Part, Pay Day, which was the fourth title to be broadcast, appears to be the only writing credit for its author, Roderick Barry. The two reviews of this that I have found to date, in The Times and The Listener, betray mixed feelings, and the recording that once existed no longer does. But the particular interest of this production perhaps lies in the linked traces of the hauntingly sad tale of its author and the intriguing genesis of the script.

The playwright

According to the pamphlet promoting the 20 new plays series, Roderick Barry (above) was born in London in 1931 and

left Dartington Hall at fifteen determined to become a professional cricketer. He worked on the ground staff of the MCC at Lords and took a degree in economics in his spare time before doing his National Service in coal-mining. In 1956 he broke his back in a fall of roof at the coal face. A year later he was training to be a film editor, writing in his spare time.

One other source suggests that this perhaps conceals as much as it reveals. In the Guardian on 29 April 1959, presumably before the script of Pay Day was written, a small paragraph is headed, ‘£12,000 damages against the N.C.B.’ The full text runs:

Agreed damages of £12,000 and costs were awarded at Leeds Assizes yesterday to Roderick Barry (26), of Broadhurst Gardens, Hampstead, London, against the National Coal Board. Mr R. Withers Payne, for Mr Barry, said that he was injured by a fall of stone at Park Mill Colliery, Huddersfield, in July 1956, as a result of which he was now a paraplegic.

This handsome, aspiring young sportsman must have spent the rest of his life in a wheelchair. There’s nothing more about him in the Guardian or, apart from the reviews of his single play, in the other online databases I have consulted. Might anyone know what became of him?

‘From an idea by…’

Radio Times listings are often suggestive of otherwise lost histories, and that seems to be the case here in the credit ‘from an idea by Sarah Erulkar’. An Indian-born and Jewish documentary maker of the post-war years, Sarah Erulkar started her professional life at the Shell Film Unit on corporate assignments and the celebrated Lord Siva Danced (1946) with Ram Gopal. In the mid-1950s, she worked as a freelance director on a variety of sponsored films and also as an editor at the National Coal Board (NCB) Film Unit. As Katy McGahan wrote in her BFI ScreenOnline profile:

Erulkar’s instinctive artistry, combined with a passion for life and people, brought universal appeal to specialist subject matter, and meant that she was always in demand. Her work brought her a plethora of awards, including two BAFTAs, for Picture to Post (1969) and the prescient environmentally-themed The Air my Enemy (1971).

Sarah Erulkar has been the focus for some richly interesting scholarship in recent years, although as far as I know none of the writing mentions her connection to Roderick Barry and Pay Day. There’s an excellent study of her work and her relationship, both professional and private, with Peter de Normanville, written by Ros Cranston and Katy McGahan, in the essential collection Shadows of Progress: Documentary Film in Post-war Britain edited by Patrick Russell and James Piers Taylor (BFI, 2010). And Melanie Bell’s 2018 article ‘Rebuilding Britain: women, work, and nonfiction film, 1945–1970’, published in Feminist Media Histories, 4(4), locates Erulkar’s career in the broader context of the challenges faced by women documentary makers in these years.

One of Erulkar’s editing credits was on Nine Centuries of Coal, a 34-minute history of mining made by Basic Films for the NCB and released in 1958. Production must have taken place between Roderick Barry’s dreadful accident and the successful conclusion of his legal claim. And we know that in 1957 he was training to be a film editor. Although he does not feature in the credits, might Barry have been Erulkar’s assistant on Nine Centuries of Coal? And could the idea for Pay Day have been suggested by her during a collaboration on this? Further, to what extent might Pay Day, a tale of ‘a battling young miner’, have contained elements of autobiography?

On the screen

The 20 new plays pamphlet details the set-up for the drama which is

set in and about a coal mine and tells the story of John, a battling young miner, arrogant and aggressively proud of his prowess with a new coal-cutting machine with which he sets a gruelling pace for his shift.

The anonymous Times reviewer (17 October 1960) was appreciative that the BBC series of original commissions had ‘not yet offered concessions to the general taste for cosiness about which we hear so much.’ The column also praised the way in which ‘the general life of the small mining community [was] created with exactitude.’ As for the development of the plot:

[John] works a mechanical cutter, which satisfies much of his demand for power, and has no sympathy whatever for the team that follows him to prop up the roof. When his recklessness is challenged, he gives it complete freedom and causes the death of the little Italian miner who is his deepest admirer. Attempting to ride rough-shod over his sense of guilt, he leaves the village with the gesture of Coriolanus quitting Rome; there is, he feels ‘a world elsewhere’. But somehow the gesture does not convince him.

The producer entrusted with Pay Day was Stuart Burge, who had been an actor before and just after the war, during which he served in the Intelligence Corps. (The impact of their war service on the post-war generation of drama producers is definitely another subject for future research.) By 1960 he was an experienced and admired BBC studio producer-director, with credits including all 13 episodes of an early classic serial, David Copperfield (1956) and a very fine Julius Caesar (1959). He would go on to work with many contemporary writers, including Trevor Griffiths on his serial Bill Brand (1976) and his adaptation of Sons and Lovers (1980). For his later career, especially in the theatre at the Royal Court and elsewhere, see Peter Barnes’ warm Guardian obituary.

Overall, the Times critic was disappointed with Pay Day:

Mr Stuart Burge’s production, with an often crowded screen, brought revealing clarity and movement to the play, making good use of the coal mine interior and machinery. Nevertheless, Pay Day tended somehow to sprawl; the catastrophe is anticipated from its opening but the suspense at which Mr Barry is so obviously aiming and which we should have felt was somehow dissipated.

Anthony Cookman, writing in The Listener (16 October 1960), praised Anthony Booth’s performance as John (at the climax (above), ‘grief, horror, anger and despair shook him uncontrollably’) but could not summon up any more general enthusiasm:

I confess to finding the drama itself more than a little mechanical. Set in a coal-mining community, it depicted the conflict between the old and the new, between progress and stagnation… But the clash between the two groups, resulting as it did in action unacceptable without some sustaining corroboration, never had the reality of the factual scenes at the coal face, and the contrast only served to emphasize the play’s shortcomings.

Which leaves me with one further question. Might ‘the factual scenes at the coal face’ have been shot on film, perhaps benefiting from Roderick Barry and Sarah Erulkar’s connections with the NCB? Or might they even have used library footage drawn from the vivid sequences shot for Nine Centuries of Coal?

Other posts in the series:


  1. Tom May says:

    Wonderful piece, John.

    The only other TV drama of this period that vaguely comes to mind (from my very limited viewing so far) is Alun Richards’s ‘The Big Breaker’, which I watched via the BFI. It is one of those 1964 Wednesday Plays which does actually fit the later contemporary social realism mould that some claim only began in 1965… From what I recall, this was set in Welsh mining community going through gradual change. Riddled with corruption at a local level that is betraying the ideals of the Labour movement. It is discursive and mainly VT studio and is a very interesting picture of clashing generational attitudes… Definitely closer to the world of this lost play than to those around it like Mr Douglas and The July Plot, fascinating though those also are!

    I am fascinated by the links with Sarah Erulkar and the NCB, I have read the Shadows of Progress book and it was wonderful. I am also chastened by how you have uncovered the haunting beginnings of Roderick Barry’s life story.

  2. John Wyver says:

    On Twitter, BFI curator Patrick Russell points out that Sarah Erulkar’s editing credits for the NCB also include ‘Pit Incident’ (1957), a for-cinemas re-edit of a training film which is specifically about a safety disaster, in this case caused by fire.

    Also, he says that all filming underground required going through a bureaucratic NCB permissions process. It would not have been impossible for the BBC to have got permission to do their own filming, but at least as likely is that the play used NCB footage, with access to it probably eased by the Erulkar connection.

  3. Luke McKernan says:

    There is a great deal of information about Barry here: https://ininet.org/enlightening-disillusionments.html?page=5. Bertrand Russell was his stepfather.

  4. John Wyver says:

    Oh my goodness, Luke – how completely extraordinary! Thank you.

    The link is to part of a translation of a book, Enlightening Disillusionments by Aki Orr, originally written in Hebrew in 2005. It contains a great deal of personal and medical information about Barry, who eventually committed suicide

    We also learn that, ‘After the accident [Barry] wrote a play called Payday, which described the lives of the miners. The play was broadcast on BBC television. Another play of his – “The Judges Are Hungry” – was rejected because its content was too left-wing for the tastes of the judges.

    ‘The idea for that play was taken from a 17th century English poem about judges who hastened to sentence a man to death because they were in a hurry to get to lunch.’

  5. Luke McKernan says:

    I should have added there there are several reviews of Pay Day on the British Newspaper Archive, of which that in The Stage 20 October 1960 is particularly interesting. Let me know if you can’t access it.

  6. John Wyver says:

    Thanks once more, Luke – I meant to go to The Stage (and I have a BNA subscription) but failed to do so. Can I ask how you found the Aki Orr manuscript? I thought I’d gone down layers and layers of Google to try to turn up something more about Barry.

  7. Luke McKernan says:

    The second playscript was probably entitled The Hungry Judges:

    “The hungry judges soon the sentence sign, and wretches hang that jurymen may dine”

    Alexander Pope, The Rape of the Lock

  8. Luke McKernan says:

    I typed in “Roderick Barry” cricket


  9. Nick Stanton says:

    Following the above, Dora Russell’s papers which include correspondence with Roderick are viewable online at https://search.iisg.amsterdam/Record/ARCH01225/Description

  10. John Wyver says:

    Many thanks, Nick – given that 24 hours ago we collectively knew next-to-nothing about Roderick Barry, I think that our crowd sourced research has done remarkably well.

  11. Nick Stanton says:

    Indeed! Here’s a letter to Dora Russell in August 1960 talking about the play https://hdl.handle.net/10622/ARCH01225.21

    There’s an interview with Dora in The Times October 28 1983 which reports that Roderick died of a heart attack the previous April. Dora says “It was standing room only at his funeral. There were more than 60 people at the chapel in Hampstead and it was almost a festival in his honour “

  12. John Wyver says:

    Gosh, Nick – I’ve only just dipped into the correspondence between “Roddy”, as he signs himself, and his mother, Dora Russell, but it’s an *extraordinary* series of exchanges, immaculately digitised and made available by the International Institute of Social History, Amsterdam – detailed, extensive, vivid and vital. Really remarkable.

  13. Nick Stanton says:

    Sorry, the link to the Aug 1960 letter didn’t work as well as I hoped. It’s image 139 and his description of TV Centre is hysterical

  14. Luke McKernan says:

    Apropos of nothing, here’s Bertrand Russell going to the cinema for the first time, https://picturegoing.com/?p=1326

  15. Nick Stanton says:

    In 1959 Barry published a short story called Giancarlo in the New Reasoner magazine http://www.banmarchive.org.uk/collections/nr/09_40.pdf. The story is set in a coal mine and includes two accidents (one fatal) and some Italian miners.

  16. Nick Stanton says:

    … and he has at least one other screenplay credit: https://www2.bfi.org.uk/films-tv-people/4ce2b7130870d, an adaptation of Within and Without by John Harvey http://apenguinaweek.blogspot.com/2015/02/penguin-no-1672-within-and-without-by.html

    The movie seems to have opened (as Within and Without, though google also seems to like the title Love, I think) in the UK (or London at any rate) by late 1972 but I can’t find any reviews of it

  17. John Wyver says:

    Outstanding research, Nick, so interesting – thanks so much.

    Happy New Year.

  18. Mathew Lyons says:

    Hi there

    My parents were both very good friends with Roddy Barry (and Dora too). I met them both a few times in childhood and went to Roddy’s memorial service.

    He was full of life, immensely charming and funny.

    My parents met him through the Marylebone branch of the Young Communists League.

    I have a copy of the script for Pay Day, if you are interested.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *